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What is Integrative Medicine? 

"Integrative medicine and health reaffirms the importance of the relationship between practitioner and patient, focuses on the whole person, is informed by evidence, and makes use of all appropriate therapeutic and lifestyle approaches, healthcare professionals and disciplines to achieve optimal health and healing."  
~Academic Consortium for Integrative Medicine & Health

Selected Books in Integrative Medicine

Rakel, David. Integrative Medicine. Philadelphia: Saunders, 2002. Print.

Selected Videos and Podcasts in Integrative Medicine

Selected Evidence in Integrative Medicine


  • Chon, T. Y., & Lee, M. C. (2013). Acupuncture. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 88(10), 1141-1146. doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2013.06.009 [doi]
  • Lao, L., Hamilton, G. R., Fu, J., & Berman, B. M. (2003). Is acupuncture safe? A systematic review of case reports. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 9(1), 72-83.
  • Manheimer E, Lim B, Lao L, Berman B.  Acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis – a randomized trial using a novel sham.  Acupuncture in Medicine. 2006 Dec;24 Suppl:S7-14.

Exercise and Meditative Movement

  • Chen, K. W., Berger, C. C., Manheimer, E., Forde, D., Magidson, J., Dachman, L., et al. (2012). Meditative therapies for reducing anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Depression and Anxiety, 29(7), 545-562. doi:10.1002/da.21964 [doi]
  • D'Adamo CR, McMillin CR, Chen KW, Lucas EK, Berman BM.  Supervised Resistance Exercise for Patients with Persistent Symptoms of Lyme Disease.  Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015 Apr 18. [Epub ahead of print]  PMID: 25899100
  • Jahnke, R., Larkey, L., Rogers, C., Etnier, J., & Lin, F. (2010). A comprehensive review of health benefits of qigong and tai chi. American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP, 24(6), e1-e25. doi:10.4278/ajhp.081013-LIT-248 [doi]
  • Wang, C., McAlindon, T., Fielding, R. A., Harvey, W. F., Driban, J. B., Price, L. L., et al. (2015). A novel comparative effectiveness study of tai chi versus aerobic exercise for fibromyalgia: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 16, 34-015-0548-x. doi:10.1186/s13063-015-0548-x [doi]
  • Wang, C., Schmid, C. H., Rones, R., Kalish, R., Yinh, J., Goldenberg, D. L., et al. (2010). A randomized trial of tai chi for fibromyalgia. The New England Journal of Medicine, 363(8), 743-754. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0912611 [doi]

Manual Medicine

  • Bialosky, J. E., George, S. Z., Horn, M. E., Price, D. D., Staud, R., & Robinson, M. E. (2014). Spinal manipulative therapy-specific changes in pain sensitivity in individuals with low back pain (NCT01168999). The Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society, 15(2), 136-148. doi:10.1016/j.jpain.2013.10.005 [doi]
  • Gillison, F. B., Skevington, S. M., Sato, A., Standage, M., & Evangelidou, S. (2009). The effects of exercise interventions on quality of life in clinical and healthy populations; a meta-analysis. Social Science & Medicine (1982),68(9), 1700-1710. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.028 [doi]
  • Granados, A. C., & Agis, I. F. (2011). Why children with special needs feel better with hippotherapy sessions: A conceptual review. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), 17(3), 191-197. doi:10.1089/acm.2009.0229 [doi]

Mind-Body Medicine/Positive Psychology

  • Astin, J. A., Shapiro, S. L., Eisenberg, D. M., & Forys, K. L. (2003). Mind-body medicine: State of the science, implications for practice. The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice / American Board of Family Practice,16(2), 131-147.
  • O'Leary, K., & Dockray, S. (2015). The effects of two novel gratitude and mindfulness interventions on well-being. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine (New York, N.Y.), 21(4), 243-245. doi:10.1089/acm.2014.0119 [doi]
  • Haruna M, Matsuzaki M, Ota E, Shiraishi M, Hanada N, Mori R. Guided imagery for treating hypertension in pregnancy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD011337. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011337

Nutrition and Natural Medicine

  • Berggren, A., Lazou Ahren, I., Larsson, N., & Onning, G. (2011). Randomised, double-blind and placebo-controlled study using new probiotic lactobacilli for strengthening the body immune defence against viral infections. European Journal of Nutrition, 50(3), 203-210. doi:10.1007/s00394-010-0127-6 [doi]
  • Chowdhury, R., Warnakula, S., Kunutsor, S., Crowe, F., Ward, H. A., Johnson, L., et al. (2014). Association of dietary, circulating, and supplement fatty acids with coronary risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis.Annals of Internal Medicine, 160(6), 398-406. doi:10.7326/M13-1788 [doi]
  • Gardner, C. D., Kiazand, A., Alhassan, S., Kim, S., Stafford, R. S., Balise, R. R., et al. (2007). Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN diets for change in weight and related risk factors among overweight premenopausal women: The A TO Z weight loss study: A randomized trial. Jama, 297(9), 969-977. doi:297/9/969 [pii]
  • Lewis, M., Ghassemi, P., & Hibbeln, J. (2013). Therapeutic use of omega-3 fatty acids in severe head trauma. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 31(1), 273.e5-273.e8. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2012.05.014 [doi]
  • Li, K., Kaaks, R., Linseisen, J., & Rohrmann, S. (2012). Vitamin/mineral supplementation and cancer, cardiovascular, and all-cause mortality in a German prospective cohort (EPIC-Heidelberg). European Journal of Nutrition,51(4), 407-413. doi:10.1007/s00394-011-0224-1 [doi]
  • Micha, R., Wallace, S. K., & Mozaffarian, D. (2010). Red and processed meat consumption and risk of incident coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Circulation,121(21), 2271-2283. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.924977 [doi]
  • Mursu, J., Robien, K., Harnack, L. J., Park, K., & Jacobs, D. R.,Jr. (2011). Dietary supplements and mortality rate in older women: The Iowa women's health study. Archives of Internal Medicine, 171(18), 1625-1633. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2011.445 [doi]

Placebo and Nocebo Response

  • Enck, P., Benedetti, F., & Schedlowski, M. (2008). New insights into the placebo and nocebo responses. Neuron, 59(2), 195-206. doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2008.06.030 [doi]
  • Enck, P., Bingel, U., Schedlowski, M., & Rief, W. (2013). The placebo response in medicine: Minimize, maximize or personalize? Nature Reviews.Drug Discovery, 12(3), 191-204. doi:10.1038/nrd3923 [doi]


  • Clark, P. A., Drain, M., & Malone, M. P. (2003). Addressing patients' emotional and spiritual needs. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Safety, 29(12), 659-670.
  • Fosarelli, P. (2008). Medicine, spirituality, and patient care. Jama, 300(7), 836-838. doi:10.1001/jama.300.7.836 [doi]
  • Lo, B., Ruston, D., Kates, L. W., Arnold, R. M., Cohen, C. B., Faber-Langendoen, K., et al. (2002). Discussing religious and spiritual issues at the end of life: A practical guide for physicians. Jama, 287(6), 749-754. doi:jsc10142 [pii]
  • Roseman JL, Pearce M, Burke K, Thompson J.  Creating sacred space:  Spirituality in the medical encounter – part 2.  Alternative and Complementary Therapies.  2016 February, 22(1).  DOI: 10.1089/act.2015.29034

Integrative Approach to Pain

  • Bronfort, G., Evans, R., Anderson, A. V., Svendsen, K. H., Bracha, Y., & Grimm, R. H. (2012). Spinal manipulation, medication, or home exercise with advice for acute and subacute neck pain: A randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine, 156(1 Pt 1), 1-10. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-156-1-201201030-00002 [doi]
  • Nijs, J., Paul van Wilgen, C., Van Oosterwijck, J., van Ittersum, M., & Meeus, M. (2011). How to explain central sensitization to patients with 'unexplained' chronic musculoskeletal pain: Practice guidelines. Manual Therapy,16(5), 413-418. doi:10.1016/j.math.2011.04.005 [doi]

Incorporating Integrative Medicine Into Your Practice

Training Opportunities

Resources for Medical Students

Medical Self Care - A resource for medical students from Charite University, University Hospital Zurich, and Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.